Elizabeth I of England by George Gower, 1575
Elizabeth I of England (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England, Ireland, and nominal claimant to Queen of France from 17 November 1558 until she died in 1603. She was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
She never married and had no children. She has been called The Virgin Queen and Good Queen Bess. Her reign was a great era in the history of England. At her death, she named James IV of Scotland as her successor to the English throne.
Literature and the arts flourished during her reign and her greatest accomplishments include stabilizing religion in her realm, promoting the colonization of North America, and defeating the Spanish Armada.