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Federal parliamentary republic
Etymology[edit | edit source]
The name Pakistan means Land of (the) Spiritually Pure in both Urdu and Persian languages. Many South-central Asian states and regions end with the element -stan, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Balochistan, Kurdistan, and Turkistan. This -stan is formed from the Iranian root *STA "to stand, stay," and means "place (where one stays), home, country". Iranian peoples have been the main inhabitants of the various land regions of the Ancient Persian Empires now owned by the states for over a thousand years. The names are compounds of -stan and the name of the peoples living there. Pakistan is a bit different; its name was coined on 28 January 1933 as by Choudhary Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his paper Now or Never. by using the suffix -istan from Balochistan preceded by the first letters of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh. The name is actually an acronym that stands for the "thirty million Muslim brethren who lived in Pakistan—by which we mean the Five Northern units of India viz: Punjab, (Afghan Province), Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan". Basically the word "Pakistan" is made up of two words; "Pak" and "stan". The word Pak means "pure", and the suffix -stan means "land of".
Geography[edit | edit source]
Pakistan is located in south Asia. It borders with Afghanistan on the west, with Chine on the north, India on the east, Arabic Sea on the south and with Iran on the south-east.
Pakistan has one of the highest mountains on Earth , (K2) . K2 is the highest mountain of Pakistan and is the second highest mountain of the world. K2 is located in north of Pakistan. The Desert of Thar formes a natural border between India and Pakistan.
Climate[edit | edit source]
Pakistan has a continental type of climate, but it receives variations of temperatures , both seasonally and daily.
SUMMER : Dry and hot Hot winds Occasional dust storms and thunderstorms
WINTER: Cold Foggy Snowfall in northern regions and in Balochistan
Regions[edit | edit source]
Pakistan has 5 regions, which are: "Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, Khayber Pakhtoon Khwa (simply KPK), Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir; sometimes part of Gilgit–Baltistan as Pakistani Administered Kashmir (PAK)."
Punjab[edit | edit source]
Sindh[edit | edit source]
Balochistan[edit | edit source]
Balochistan is a semi-desert area, with greenry in some parts. It is a Plateu, and mountains can reach about 2,000 meters above sea level.
Khayber Pakhtoon Khwa[edit | edit source]
Khayber Pakhtoon Khwa, often shortened to KPK, is a provience in western Pakistan, which is boardering Afghanistan in west.
Gilgit–Baltistan[edit | edit source]
Azad Jammu and Kashmir[edit | edit source]
Azad Kashmir is a green mountainous region, bordering Gilgit Baltistan and Punjab.
Independence[edit | edit source]
Pakistan became independent from India on the 14 august 1947 with the guidance of the politician Mohammed Ali Jinnah also referred as Quaid-e-Azam. Because he played a huge role in Pakistan’s fight for independence he obtained the deserved the title of “ father of the nation”. He sadly died a year after reaching his goal, his death was caused by tuberculosis on the 11 September. Every year Pakistan celebrates his birthday (25 dicember 1876).
Language[edit | edit source]
Urdu is the official language of Pakistan with English. Other most spoken languages of Pakistan are Punjabi Sindhi Balochi Pashto
Culture[edit | edit source]
Wedding[edit | edit source]
Festivietes[edit | edit source]
INDEPENDENCE DAY (14 AUGUST) RAMADAM,the day of ramadam changes every year, it's a religious festivity,it consist of fasting from sunrise to sundown. It lasts for one month
EID-UL-FITAR: this day celebrates the end of ramadam, people pray in the morning and then family and friends gather at a house and have a big feast.
EID-UL-AZAA on this day people "slauther" a sheep, goat or cows as a sign of sacrifice to Allah, after this people organize a feast at their house for thir family and friends. DEFENCE DAY: Celebration of the day when India attacked Pakistan on the night of 6 September 1965 and Pakistan won . Still today the country celebrates its victory.
Truck art[edit | edit source]
Vehicles like buses, trucks are usually painted in various colours, mostly in red , orange , yellow , green and blue.
Sport[edit | edit source]
The most popular sport in Pakistan is Cricket, Almost all districts and neighborhoods in Pakistan have a cricket team and people start playing from a young age. Pakistan has won international cricket events, which include the 1992 Cricket World Cup, the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy besides finishing as runner-up in the 1999 Cricket World Cup and the 2007 ICC World Twenty20. Women's cricket is also very popular, with Kiran Baluch holding the current record of the highest score in a women's test match with her innings of 242. The Pakistan Cricket Board controls both the men's and women's games.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
The population of Pakistan is atout 188,924,873
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
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