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Climate

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Climate zones across the world.

Climate is the usual temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind, and other weather of a specific place. The climate of a place is affected by the latitude, elevation, and distance from an ocean. Climate is different from weather. Weather is the condition of these elements right now or for shorter periods of time such as weeks. People who study climate are called climatologists.

The latitude, ground, and height can change the climate of a location. It is also important to note if oceans or other large bodies of water are nearby. Climates are most commonly classified by temperature and precipitation. The most commonly used classification was the Köppen climate classification, first made by Wladimir Köppen. The Thornthwaite system,[1] which was used from 1948, not only uses temperature and precipitation information, but evapotranspiration too. This makes it useful for studying how many different kinds of animal species there are, and about the things that could happen when climates change.

Climates can change after a long time. Recently, the world may be becoming warmer, this is the global warming.

The climate of a place is given names such as temperate, arid, cold, dry, tundra, tropical, equatorial, mediterranean, etc.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. C. W. Thornthwaite, "An Approach Toward a Rational Classification of Climate", Geographical Review, 38:55-94, 1948
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