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Spain

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Spain

Flag of Spain

Official languages
Capital
Spanish
Madrid
Area
Government
505,992 km2
constitutional monarchy
Population
Religion
46,704,314 Spanish and other Europeans 89%, Muslims 11% (including immigrants)
Catholic 67%, None 24%, Muslim 6%, Protestant 2%, Judaism 1%
Time zone
Currency
CET (UTC+1)
Euro
Demonym Spanish
Location of Spain in Europe

Spain is a country in southern Europe, situated in the Iberian Peninsula.

Spain is a member state of the European Union and a member state of the eurozone. Spain has influence in Europe and it is a modern and developed state. Its capital city is Madrid, but there are other important cities, such as Barcelona and Valencia.

The government is officially a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The current king of Spain is Felipe VI and the Prime Minister is Pedro Sánchez.

La Alhambra in Granada.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Occupying the greater part of the Iberian Peninsula, this country is located the southern of Europe. It borders Andorra, Portugal, Gibraltar (whose sovereignty is disputed), France and Morocco.

Economy[edit | edit source]

Spain is the 13th largest economy in the world and the 4th largest economy in the European Union. The quality life is also include in the top 10. Spain is a victim of a big crisis, like other countries in the EU. Currently, political corruption has become a problem for all of its citizens.

There is another issue facing Spain's parliament and political system; the Catalan Parliament wants to declare Catalonia's independence from Spain, which would make it a separate country. They already tried to do this once, through a public referendum, but the person who was Prime Minister of Spain, Mariano Rajoy, ruled that the vote organised by the Catalan Parliament was against Spain's constitution and ruled it illegal.

The referendum still went ahead without the Spanish government's permission. The leader of the Catalan Parliament, Carles Puigdemont, announced the result and declared Catalonia independent. However, this was rejected by the Spanish government and it lead to serious riots in the territory, in which lots of people were hurt. The Catalan Parliament was suspended and some of its senior members were arrested. They are currently on trial on a charge of sedition; this means that they're being tried for speaking or behaving in a way which causes people to rebel against a government or a monarch. Carles Puigdemont is currently in exile in Belgium, to avoid being arrested.

Spain has one of the fastest-growing economies in the EU.

History[edit | edit source]

The history of Spain is very long. Many civilizations occupied the Penninsula like Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians.

Modern Age[edit | edit source]

The Crowns of Castille and Aragon were united as a result of the marriages of Isabella I of Castille and Ferdinand II of Aragon (who were known as the Catholic Monarchs). The Catholic Monarchs ended la Reconquista with the completion of the conquest of the Emirate of Granada en 1492. In this year, Cristopher Columbus also arrived to the New World, on a voyage funded by Queen Isabella, which meant the start of the Spanish Empire. Some important conquistadores (Spanish word for conqueror) include Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca or Diego de Almagro, among others.

Cities[edit | edit source]

A partial view of Madrid

Madrid is the Capital City of Spain and the most populous city. But there are other important cities: Zaragoza, Barcelona, Bilbao or Valencia.

Spanish cities are compared like other cities in the Iberian Peninsula.

Climate[edit | edit source]

Spain is known as the "Country of Sun". Spain has got hot summers and cold winters in the interior of the country and cool summers and winters in other places of the country like Valencia, Cádiz or Canary Islands.

Languages[edit | edit source]

The official language is Spanish. But there are other languages spoken in the country, some of them are official in their respective autonomous communities. This is the case, for exmaple, of the Catalan language (oficial in the region of Catalonia, Valencian Community and the Balearic Islands); the Basque language (in the Basque Country and the Chartered Community of Navarre) and the Galician language, very closely related to Portuguese, which is official in Galicia.

Gastronomy[edit | edit source]

Spain has very good gastronomy, being famous food Paella, Gazpacho, Salmorejo, Bull tail, and Lobster stew.
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