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Great Plains

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Map of the Great Plains (in green)

The Great Plains are a large area of grasslands and rolling hills in North America. East to west, they stretch from the Missouri River to the Rocky Mountains in Canada and the United States.[1] North to south they stretch from the forests of Canada to the Rio Grande River in southwestern United States.[1] It covers an area of nearly 900 thousand square miles (about 2.3 million square kilometers). The grasses that grow on this prairie are a mix of short grass and long grass.[2] They once supported a very wide variety of wildlife. These included birds, bison (buffalo), elk, pronghorn antelope and deer numbering in the tens of millions.[2] They also supported the predators who hunted them.[2]

States and provinces[edit | edit source]

The Great Plains includes all or part of the following US states:[1]

  • Texas
  • New Mexico
  • Oklahoma
  • Kansas
  • Colorado
  • Nebraska
  • Wyoming
  • South Dakota
  • North Dakota
  • Montana

It includes all or part of the following provinces in Canada:[1]

  • Alberta
  • Saskatchewan
  • Manitoba.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Encyclopedia of the Great Plains". University of Nebraska. http://plainshumanities.unl.edu/encyclopedia/. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "The Central Grasslands". Temperate Grasslands Conservation Initiative (TGCI). https://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/us_size_n_great_plains_final_note_apr_1.pdf. Retrieved 4 July 2016.