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Roman alphabet

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Inscription on the Arch of Titus in Rome:
SENATVS
POPVLVSQVE·ROMANVS
DIVO·TITO·DIVI·VESPASIANI·F[ILIO]
VESPASIANO·AVGVSTO
"The Senate and the Roman People to the divine Titus—son of the divine Vespasian—Vespasianus Augustus"
Dark green: Countries using only the Latin alphabet
Light green Countries with more than one alphabet officially.

The Roman alphabet is the alphabet used for many modern-day languages. It was first created and used by the Romans to write Latin. It originated from the Greek alphabet. Many languages are written with it today. It is also called the Latin alphabet.

Letters of the alphabet[edit | edit source]

Original Latin alphabet[edit | edit source]

The Latin alphabet used by the Romans had 24 letters: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z. The letters J and U were added later; before then most Romans used I for J and V for U.

Modern alphabet[edit | edit source]

The modern version of the alphabet is used for writing many languages. European languages are mostly written with the Latin alphabet. These languages include German, English, and Spanish. Some languages, like Việtnamese, use an extended Latin alphabet, including diacritics for things such as tones. It uses the following letters:

Uppercase A B C D E F G H Þ I J K Ð L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Lowercase a b c d e f g h þ i j k ð l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Other versions[edit | edit source]

Sign in Portuguese, which uses ç

Some other languages have different characters based on this alphabet. A few are: á, é, í, ó, ẹ, ị, ọ, ụ, ã, ả, ẻ, ỉ, ỏ, ủ, ñ, č, ď, ě, í, ň, ř, š, ť , ú, ů, ž and đ. Some languages that use these characters are Finnish, Esperanto, Czech, Polish, Romanian, Vietnamese, and Igbo.

Many languages changed their writing systems to the Roman alphabet. In many countries, European settlers have made native people use the Latin alphabet. When the Soviet Union broke up, some Eastern European countries began using the Roman alphabet instead of the Cyrillic alphabet. After World War II, many Turkish countries changed their original alphabets (Arab, Persian or Cyrillic) with the Latin alphabet. The latin alphabet in turkish countries started to be used by Kemal Ataturk in Turkey. It is now used in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan. Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan.

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