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World Wide Web

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The World Wide Web ("WWW" or "The Web") is a hypertext-based information system used on the Internet.[1] The Internet is a network of networks; a collection of networks all connected together.[2] Each network is a collection of computers of all kinds. The internet is the collection of physical parts used by the World Wide Web to convey information. The web is the information-sharing system built on top of the internet. The web uses various languages such as the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (usually abbreviated "HTTP") to exchange information (also called "data"). To use the web, a person has to have a computer with a modern operating system (like Microsoft Windows for example). They need a web browser (software that communicates on the web). The computer also needs a connection to the internet by using an Internet Service Provider (or ISP) and a modem.

History[edit | edit source]

In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist working at CERN in Switzerland, invented the World Wide Web.[3] It was designed for scientists at leading universities and institutes for sharing scientific information.[3] His original proposal was not accepted at first.[4] CERN never made the web one of their official projects. But time was given to Berners-Lee to work on the concept on his own.[4] By 1990 the first web page had been written and others were invited to join in and create web pages.[4] As the web grew, Berners-Lee decided everyone should be able to participate and without paying any fees.[4] At first, the web contained only text. But in 1993, a group of students let by Marc Andreessen added graphics capabilities to Berners-Lee's program.[5] The designed a web browser called "Mosiac".[5] From Mosiac, Andreessen went on to develop Netscape Navigator, a popular graphics-based web browser.[5]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "World-Wide Web". The University of Oklahoma. http://www.ou.edu/research/electron/internet/www.htm. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  2. "The Difference Between the Internet and World Wide Web". Webopedia. QuinStreet Inc. http://www.webopedia.com/DidYouKnow/Internet/Web_vs_Internet.asp. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "The birth of the web". CERN. https://home.cern/topics/birth-web. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "History of the Web". World Wide Web Foundation. http://webfoundation.org/about/vision/history-of-the-web/. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Anne B. Keating; Joseph Hargitai (1999). "A Brief History of the World Wide Web". from Chapter 1, A History of Information Highways and Byways, pp. 65-59. Stanford University. http://web.stanford.edu/dept/CTL/Tomprof/postings/207.html. Retrieved 8 July 2016.