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Typhoon ist a tropical cyclone, that develops in Northwestern Pacific Basin.
The origin of this word is not sure. There are two theories. Etymologically derived from the ancient Greek hurricane vortex. The Latin was typhonas and means great wind. Later, the Arabs turned the word Tufan so that they crossed the Muslim world to Malaysia, which was taken by Portuguese explorers and converted tufão in the modern sense.
According to another theory the word of the Chinese 台风 is derived (pronounced Tai fungkai means big wind) and the Venetian merchants brought Caesar Friedrich after a trip to China. (Translated from the French Wiktionary).
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