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List of Greek gods and goddesses
This is a list of the gods and goddesses of Greek mythology. Roman Mythology uses different names, calling Zeus by the name of Jupiter, and Aphrodite by the name of Venus, for example. The Roman names are often better known to English-speaking people than the Greek names.
The Twelve Olympians[edit | edit source]
These gods are the most important and powerful gods. The home of these gods was Mount Olympus, except for Hades who is only allowed on Olympus once a year. Hades lives in the Underworld the rest of the time.
|Greek name||English name||Roman name||Description||Image|
|Aφροδίτη (Aphroditē)||Aphrodite||Venus||Goddess of love and beauty. She was married to Hephaestus. Ares is her lover and she loves him as well. Eros is her son. She is the last child of Oranus, making her the eldest olympian.|
|Aπόλλων (Apollōn)||Apollo||Apollo||God of the Sun, music, archery, poetry, healing, and prophecy. He is Artemis' twin brother, and Son to Zeus.|
|Άρης (Arēs)||Ares||Mars||God of war, murder and bloodshed. Brother to Hephaestus, and is the lover of Aphrodite and son of Zeus.|
|Άρτεμις (Artemis)||Artemis||Diana||Goddess of the hunt, wilderness, wild animals,especially deer and fawns, night, and the moon. Apollo is her twin brother. Artemis is an eternal maiden goddess and is also protector of maidens. She has no children and sworn to being a virgin.|
|Αθηνά (Athēna)||Athena||Minerva||Goddess of wisdom, weaving, the arts, warfare and reason. She is the daughter of Zeus.|
|Δήμητρα (Dēmētra)||Demeter||Ceres/Saturn||Goddess of fertility, grain and harvest. Demeter is a sister of Zeus. Her daughter is Persephone, Hades' forced wife.|
|Διόνυσος (Dionysus)||Dionysus||Bacchus||God of wine, parties/festivals, madness and merriment. He is a son of Zeus.|
|ᾍδης (Hades)||Hades||Pluto||God of the Underworld. Brother of Poseidon and Zeus.|
|Ήφαιστος (Hēphaistos)||Hephaestus||Vulcan||God of fire and the forge. The "ugly" son of Hera and Zeus is his father in some accounts. Married to Aphrodite, but she does not love him because he is deformed and as a result is cheating on him with Ares.|
|Ήρα (Hēra)||Hera||Juno||Goddess of marriage, women and childbirth. Zeus' wife and sister.|
|Ερμής (Hērmēs)||Hermes||Mercury||God of flight, thieves, commerce and travellers, Jack of all trades. Master of none. Messenger of the gods. Zeus's son by Titanness.|
|Poseidon||Poseidon||Neptune||God of the sea, . A few of his sons are Polyphemus, Pegasus and Triton, the Cyclops and the Horse(land creature)for reasons of Athena. His weapon is a trident by which he can stir up the seas and summon any creature that lives in the sea of his choice to aid him in battle.|
|Ζεύς (Zeus)||Zeus||Jupiter||The father of all fathers, the wisdom and light. The king of the gods after killing his father, Kronos, who ate Zeus's siblings but their mother managed to save baby Zeus. When Zeus grew up, he fed Kronos a mixture of wine and mustard to make him vomit his immortal siblings who had grown up in Kronos's stomach. Zeus is the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky, thunder and lightning. Though he is married more than once, his real queen is Hera. Zeus is the father of Hermes, Hephaestus, Hercules, Dionysus, Athena, Ares, Apollo, Artemis and Persephone.|
|Hestia||Hestia||Vesta||- Goddess of the hearth, fireside, family, and home. Was one of the Olympians until she gave up her throne for Dionysus and occupies the fire on Olympus.|
Primordial (first) gods[edit | edit source]
|Chaos||Primeval Goddess of air, Chaos is believed to be one of the first beings to exist in the universe. Chaos is not really depicted as having a personality or physical form. Chaos is the lower atmosphere which surrounded the earth. Her name Khaos means the gap, or the space between heaven and Earth. Mother or Grandmother of Nyx (night), Erebus (Darkness), Aither (Light), and Hemera (day).|
|Erebus||God of darkness. Son of Chaos. Husband of Nyx.|
|Gaia||Goddess of the Earth (Mother Earth), mother of Kronos and the other Titans, grandmother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter and Hestia|
|Nyx||Goddess of night Daughter of Chaos. Wife of Erebus and mother of Hemera (day). Goddess of Hellhounds.|
|Tartarus||The darkest pit in the world at the edge of the world.|
|Ouranos||God of the Sky (Father Sky), father of Kronos and the other Titans (Roman name is Uranus)|
|Thesis||Primordial God/Goddess of Creation. Thesis is sometimes thought to be a child of Chaos and to have emerged with Hydros before Gaia.|
|Phanes||Primeval God of procreation and is referred as the primal generator of life. Phanes is Nyx's father and was the ruler of the universe before her.|
|The Anemois||Primeval Gods of winds. Boreas (north), Kaikias (NE), Apeliotes (E), Euros (SE), Notos (S), Lips (SW), Zephyrus (W) and Skirion (NW)|
Titans[edit | edit source]
See also Titan (mythology). The original twelve Titans:
- Koios - also spelled Coeus. God of intelligence, heavenly prophecy and the axis.
- Kreios - also spelled Crius. God of leadership, domesticated animals and the constellations.
- Kronos - also spelled Cronus. God of time. King of the Titans. Roman name Saturn.
- Hyperion - God of light.
- Iapetos - God of mortal lifespan.
- Mnemosyne - Goddess of memory, the inventiveness of words and language.
- Oceanus - God of salt water.
- Phoebe - Goddess of the Oracle of Delphi and intellect.
- Rhea - Goddess of fertility, the female body, and later, nature. Mother of Zeus, Hera, Hestia, Hades, Poseidon and Demeter.
- Tethys - Goddess of Subterranean forces of fresh water and patron goddess of nursing mothers and the young.
- Theia - Goddess of sight, gold, silver, and gems.
- Themis - Goddess of divine law and order.
- Atlas - God of astronomy. Holds the sky from the earth as his punishment.
- Epimetheus - God of afterthought and excuses.
- Menoitios - God of violent anger, rash reactions and human morality.
- Prometheus - God of forethought and crafty counsel. Gave humanity the gift of Fire.
- Asteria - mother of Hecate
- Perses - father of Hecate
- Asterious - father of the Anemoi
- Dione - goddess of the oracle Dodonna
Minor Gods[edit | edit source]
- Eos - goddess of dawn and sister of Selene and Helios
- Helios - god of the sun and brother of Selene and Eos
- Selene - goddess of the moon and sister of Helios and Eos
- Ariadne - goddess of passion and mazes (was a mortal princess engaged to Theseus, but was abandoned. Married the god Dionysus and was made immortal.)
- Aeolus - god of winds (mortal at birth, but became immortal)
- Asclepius - god of medicine.
- Bia - god of violence
- Cratos - god of strength and power.
- Deimos - personification of terror; brother of Phobos.
- Eris - goddess of discord.
- Eros - god of love
- Psyche goddess of compassion
- Geras - god of old age.
- Ganymede cupbearer of the Olympians.
- Harmonia - goddess of harmony.
- Hebe - goddess of youth.
- Hecate - goddess of magic, witchcraft, necromancy and crossroads.
- Hypnos - god of sleep.
- Janus - god of doors, gates and choices
- Khione - goddess of snow (her father is Boreas, the god of the north wind cold)
- Leto - mother of Artemis and Apollo.
- Metis - mother of Athena
- Enyo - goddesses of war and peacekeeping
- Eileithyia - goddesses of childbirth
- Momus- god of blame.
- Moros - god of Doom.
- Nemesis - goddess of balance, consequences and revenge.
- Nike - goddess of victory
- Persephone - goddess of spring and flowers and wife of Hades, hence queen of the Underworld.
- Phobos - god of phobias and fear in general; brother of Deimos.
- Thanatos- god of peaceful death.
- The Erinyes - otherwise known as The Furies. Goddesses of revenge, commanded by Hades.
- The Horae - actually two groups of separate goddesses worshipped in different periods: the first three were goddesses of the seasons, the second generation were goddesses of law, justice and order.
- Tyche - goddess of luck, destiny and fortune.
- Zelus - god of dedication.
- The Moirae: Klotho, Lachesis and Atropos - controllers of life and destiny.
- The Muses - representatives of the arts, sciences and songs.
- The Oneiroi: Morpheus, Phobetor and Phantasos - personifications of dreams and sons of Hypnos.
- Pan - god of the Wild.
- Iris (goddess) - goddess of the rainbow and a messenger for the gods
- Triton - god of ships, prince of Atlantis
- Paean - doctor of the gods.
- The Keres- goddesses of violent Death.
- The Charites - goddesses of charm, beauty, human creativity, and fertility.
- Pallas - god of warfare
- Melinoe - goddess of ghosts.
- Morpheus- god of dreams, Works for the Titans.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Chaos". Who's Who in Classical Mythology, Routledge. 2002. http://www.credoreference.com/entry/routwwcm/chaos. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- "Primeval Gods of Greek Mythology". theoi.com. 2011 [last update]. http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/primeval-gods.html. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
Other pages[edit | edit source]
|Ancient Greece Portal — All articles about Ancient Greece|