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Timothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955), is a British computer scientist who is best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. In 1989, Berners-Lee, a graduate of Oxford University, made a proposal for an information sharing system while working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory. His proposal was not accepted as a project for CERN. However, he was given time to work on the project on his own. In 1990 he wrote the first web page and others were invited to join in and create web pages using his software.
Life[edit | edit source]
He was born on June 8, 1955 in London, England. He attended Emanuel School, then went to Queen’s College, Oxford University. There he received a degree in physics. After graduating Berners-Lee worked for Plessey Telecommunications in Poole, England. In 1978 he worked for D.G Nash, Ltd., as a software engineer. In 1980 he joined CERN in Switzerland as a consulting software engineer. In 1984 he wrote a paper "Information Management: A Proposal". He described the concept of hypertext used on an internetwork (internet) to share information within a company and also globally. He called it the World Wide Web. The idea was not an immediate success. With the help of CERN computer scientist Robert Cailliau and others he continued to develop the idea. By 1990 the first web page had been written. Others were invited to participate and create web pages. As the web grew, Berners-Lee decided everyone should be able to participate and without paying any fees.
Berners-Lee's contributions to the World Wide Web did not make him rich, like Microsoft founder Bill Gates. To make sure the web remained accessible without royalties or fees, in 1994 he formed the World Wide Web Consortium. The Consortium promotes standards and protocols and helps to work out problems between companies who develop web based services and products.
Positions and honors[edit | edit source]
Berners-Lee is the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the Web standards organization founded in 1994. He is a founder and Director of the Web Science Trust (WST) started in 2009. He is also a Director of the World Wide Web Foundation which was also launched in 2009. He is a professor of Engineering at MIT. He is also a professor of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton, UK.
References[edit | edit source]
- The International Who's Who 2004, 67th Edition (London; New York: Europa Publications, 2003), p. 153
- "Tim Berners-Lee". The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). https://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "History of the Web". World Wide Web Foundation. http://webfoundation.org/about/vision/history-of-the-web/. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Tim Berners-Lee Biography". Biography Online. http://www.biographyonline.net/business/tim-berners-lee.html. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Tim Berners Lee (1955 - )". History. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/berners_lee_tim.shtml. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Tim Berners-Lee". NNDB. http://www.nndb.com/people/573/000023504/. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Tim Berners-Lee". Internet Hall of Fame. The Internet Society. http://internethalloffame.org/inductees/tim-berners-lee. Retrieved 8 July 2016.