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Tim Berners-Lee

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Tim Berners-Lee, April 2009

Timothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955),[1] is a British computer scientist who is best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. In 1989, Berners-Lee, a graduate of Oxford University, made a proposal for an information sharing system while working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory.[2] His proposal was not accepted as a project for CERN. However, he was given time to work on the project on his own.[3] In 1990 he wrote the first web page and others were invited to join in and create web pages using his software.[3]

Life[edit | edit source]

He was born on June 8, 1955 in London, England.[4] He attended Emanuel School, then went to Queen’s College, Oxford University.[4] There he received a degree in physics.[4] After graduating Berners-Lee worked for Plessey Telecommunications[1] in Poole, England.[4] In 1978 he worked for D.G Nash, Ltd., as a software engineer. In 1980 he joined CERN in Switzerland as a consulting software engineer.[1] In 1984 he wrote a paper "Information Management: A Proposal".[5] He described the concept of hypertext used on an internetwork (internet) to share information within a company and also globally.[5] He called it the World Wide Web.[5] The idea was not an immediate success. With the help of CERN computer scientist Robert Cailliau and others he continued to develop the idea.[5] By 1990 the first web page had been written. Others were invited to participate and create web pages.[3] As the web grew, Berners-Lee decided everyone should be able to participate and without paying any fees.[3]

Berners-Lee's contributions to the World Wide Web did not make him rich, like Microsoft founder Bill Gates.[6] To make sure the web remained accessible without royalties or fees, in 1994 he formed the World Wide Web Consortium.[6] The Consortium promotes standards and protocols and helps to work out problems between companies who develop web based services and products.[6]

Positions and honors[edit | edit source]

Berners-Lee is the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the Web standards organization founded in 1994.[7] He is a founder and Director of the Web Science Trust (WST) started in 2009.[7] He is also a Director of the World Wide Web Foundation which was also launched in 2009.[7] He is a professor of Engineering at MIT. He is also a professor of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton, UK.[7]

He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2001.[7] In 2004 he was Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.[7] He was awarded the Order of Merit in 2007.[7]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The International Who's Who 2004, 67th Edition (London; New York: Europa Publications, 2003), p. 153
  2. "Tim Berners-Lee". The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). https://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "History of the Web". World Wide Web Foundation. http://webfoundation.org/about/vision/history-of-the-web/. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Tim Berners-Lee Biography". Biography Online. http://www.biographyonline.net/business/tim-berners-lee.html. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Tim Berners Lee (1955 - )". History. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/berners_lee_tim.shtml. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Tim Berners-Lee". NNDB. http://www.nndb.com/people/573/000023504/. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 "Tim Berners-Lee". Internet Hall of Fame. The Internet Society. http://internethalloffame.org/inductees/tim-berners-lee. Retrieved 8 July 2016.