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The Swahili language began to be spoken by the Swahili people who live on the coast of East Africa and on the islands near the coast, including Zanzibar, which is now a part of Tanzania. Swahili is an official language in Tanzania and Kenya. It has been influenced by many other languages like the Arabic language.
Writing systems[edit | edit source]
The Swahili alphabet now contains all the same letters as English with the exception of q and x.
How many people speak this language?[edit | edit source]
About 5 million people speak Swahili as a native language. About 80 million people speak it as a secondary language. It is more common as a second language because it is used as a language of business in an area where there are many different tribal languages. People need to learn Swahili to buy and sell things with people who have other native languages.
Where is this language spoken?[edit | edit source]
People primarily speak Swahili in Zanzibar and Tanzania. Swahili has become a language with which people can communicate within East Africa and the surrounding areas : There are smaller communities of Swahili speaking people in Burundi, Kenya, Mayotte, Mozambique, Oman, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, and the United States.
History[edit | edit source]
It is uncertain where or how Swahili first came about but it is general believed that Swahili speaking people have occupied their present territories, hugging the Indian Ocean, since well before AD 1000.
It appears to some researchers that Swahili started in a number of Arabic trading posts. People speaking different dialects of Bantu, a local language, found that it was difficult to communicate with one another, so they adapted Arabic and Bantu to create a language for business, Swahili.
[edit | edit source]
Utend̠i wa Tambuka, which means "The Story of Tambuka", is one of the oldest known pieces of literature in Swahili. The author of the story identifies himself as Mwengo, son of Athumani or Osman. Little is known of him. The story is about "the Byzantine-Arab Wars" and "Byzantine-Ottoman Wars" between the Muslims and Byzantines, covering a period from 628 AD to 1453 AD (the Fall of Constantinople). Like other early Swahili writing it was written with the Arabic script.
Basic words[edit | edit source]
|Jambo !||Hello !|
|Hujambo ?||How are you ?|
|Habari gani ?||How are you ?|
|Hodi ?||Anyone home ?|
|Karibu !||You're welcome !|
|Karibuni !||You're welcome ! (plural)|
|Kwa herini||Good-bye (plural)|
|Tutaonana||See you later|
|Tutaonana kesho||See you tomorrow|
|Usiku mwema !||Good night !|
|Lala salama !||Sweet dreams !|
|Maneno ya maana||Useful phrases|
|Unasema kiingereza ?||Do you speak English ?|
|Choo kiko wapi ?||Where are the toilets ?|
|Asante sana||Thank you very much|
|Jina lako nani ?||what's your name ?|
|Jina langu...||My name is...|
|Pole !||Sorry !|
|Safari njema !||Have a good journey !|
|Maneno machache||Some words|
|Hakuna matata||No problem|
|Kituo cha mabasi||Bus stop|
|Sina||I don't have|
Swahili sayings[edit | edit source]
Here are some interesting Swahili sayings that you can learn.
|Swahili||Literal Translation||What it means|
Bahati ya mwenzio usiilalie mlango wazi.
"Do not leave the (front) door open and go to bed just because someone you know did the same thing but nothing happened to him."
Don't be reckless just because others were lucky.
Usitukane wakunga na uzazi ungalipo.
"Don't insult the midwives as long as you are still able to bear children."
Don't offend people that you might need help from later.
Samaki mkunje angali mbichi.
"Bend a fish while it is (still) fresh/wet."
Children should be given guidance early in life (before it is too late).
Ahadi ni deni.
"A promise is a debt."
You have to keep your promises.
Riziki ni kujaribu.
"Sustenance is to try."
If you try your best, you can earn your living.
"Mercifulness does not rot/decay."
If you are merciful to others they will never forget you for that.
References[edit | edit source]
- a secondary language is any language that a person learns to speak after the first language that they learned at home.