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Saint Petersburg is the second most populous city in Russia, after Moscow. It is located in the northwestern part of the country on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea.
Saint Petersburg was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27 1703. Between 1713–1728 and 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the imperial capital of Russia. In 1918, the central government moved from Saint Petersburg (then named Petrograd) to Moscow.
Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural center, and also an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea. The city is home to The Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world. It is also home to the world class Mariinsky Opera and Ballet.
The population of the city proper was 4,926,282 in 2012. The name of the city was Petrograd (Russian: Петроград) from 1914 to 1924, and Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) from 1924 to 1991.
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