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Philosophy comes from Greek words meaning "lover of wisdom." Philosophy is any organized set of opinions or thoughts about the meaning of human experience. The ideas and area that philosophy covers are constantly debated by philosophers. The main areas of philosophy are logic, metaphysics, epistemology, and aesthetics.

Most Western philosophers work in the areas set up by thinkers including Karl Marx, Immanuel Kant, Michel Foucault, Henri Bergson, Friedrich Nietzsche, Søren Kierkegaard, and others. Some areas, for example, include logical positivism, pragmatism and existentialism.