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Netherlands

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Netherlands

Flag of Netherlands

Official languages
Capital
Dutch
Amsterdam
Area
Government
41,543 km2
constitutional monarchy
Population
Religion
16,819,595 Netherland People +98%
None 40%, Catholics 22%, Protestants 17%, other 1%
Time zone
Currency
CET / AST (UTC+1 / −4)
Euro
Demonym Dutch


Location of The Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country in Europe. It has 16,819,595 inhabitants, and is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe.

The capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam, but the government (including the king) resides in The Hague. The current king of the Netherlands is Willem-Alexander. On 30 April 2013 he succeeded his mother Beatrix. The Netherlands is one of the six founding members of the European Union, and the country uses the euro since 2002, when it replaced the Dutch guilder.

Geography[edit | edit source]

The Netherlands shares borders with Belgium in the south and with Germany in the east. Together with Belgium and Luxembourg, the Netherlands is a part of the Benelux region.

In the west the nation borders the North Sea. Further north is the Wadden Sea. The Wadden Sea is a part of the North Sea that dries up during low tide. It's a home for seals and various kinds of birds. Because of the unique environment, UNESCO recognized the tidal sea as world heritage. Some parts of the Wadden Sea also stay dry during high tide. These islands are called Waddeneilanden. A few of them are inhabited, they are Texel, Vlieland, Terschelling, Ameland, Schiermonnikoog.

The Netherlands is home to the RhineMeuseScheldt delta and because of that, there are lots of islands and streams. Large parts of the country consist of polders. A polder is a former lake, sea or swamp turned into land. About 27% of the country consists of polders and thus is man-made.

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

The Netherlands is divided into 12 provinces (Provincies). Each province has a commissioner of the King (Commissaris van de Koning). The 12 provinces are:

Flag of the Netherlands.svg The Netherlands Portal — All articles about the Netherlands
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