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List of Greek gods and goddesses

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Ancient sculpture of Apollo now in the British Museum

This is a list of the gods and goddesses of Greek mythology. Roman Mythology uses different names, calling Zeus by the name of Jupiter, and Aphrodite by the name of Venus, for example. The Roman names are often better known to English-speaking people than the Greek names.

The Twelve Olympians[edit | edit source]

These gods are the most important and powerful gods. The home of these gods was Mount Olympus, except for Hades who is only allowed on Olympus once a year. Hades lives in the Underworld the rest of the time.

Greek name English name Roman name Description Image
Aφροδίτη (Aphroditē) Aphrodite Venus Goddess of love and beauty. She was married to Hephaestus. Ares is her lover and she loves him as well. Eros is her son. She is the last child of Oranus, making her the eldest olympian. Cnidus Aphrodite Altemps Inv8619 n2.jpg
Aπόλλων (Apollōn) Apollo Apollo God of the Sun, music, archery, poetry, healing, and prophecy. He is Artemis' twin brother, and Son to Zeus. Apollo black bird AM Delphi 8140.jpg
Άρης (Arēs) Ares Mars God of war, murder and bloodshed. Brother to Hephaestus, and is the lover of Aphrodite and son of Zeus. Ares Argentina Montemartini.jpg
Άρτεμις (Artemis) Artemis Diana Goddess of the hunt, wilderness, wild animals,especially deer and fawns, night, and the moon. Apollo is her twin brother. Artemis is an eternal maiden goddess and is also protector of maidens. She has no children and sworn to being a virgin. 0 Artémis (Diane) - Galleria dei Candelabri - Vatican.JPG
Αθηνά (Athēna) Athena Minerva Goddess of wisdom, weaving, the arts, warfare and reason. She is the daughter of Zeus. Detail Athena Louvre G104.jpg
Δήμητρα (Dēmētra) Demeter Ceres/Saturn Goddess of fertility, grain and harvest. Demeter is a sister of Zeus. Her daughter is Persephone, Hades' forced wife. IAM 4942T - Relief of Demeter.jpg
Διόνυσος (Dionysus) Dionysus Bacchus God of wine, parties/festivals, madness and merriment. He is a son of Zeus. Dionysos panther Louvre K240.jpg
ᾍδης (Hades) Hades Pluto God of the Underworld. Brother of Poseidon and Zeus. Persephone Hades BM Vase E82.jpg
Ήφαιστος (Hēphaistos) Hephaestus Vulcan God of fire and the forge. The "ugly" son of Hera and Zeus is his father in some accounts. Married to Aphrodite, but she does not love him because he is deformed and as a result is cheating on him with Ares. Hephaistos Thetis at Kylix by the Foundry Painter Antikensammlung Berlin F2294.jpg
Ήρα (Hēra) Hera Juno Goddess of marriage, women and childbirth. Zeus' wife and sister. Hera Barberini Chiaramonti II.14.jpg
Ερμής (Hērmēs) Hermes Mercury God of flight, thieves, commerce and travellers, Jack of all trades. Master of none. Messenger of the gods. Zeus's son by Titanness. Hermes e seu caduceu.jpg
Poseidon Poseidon Neptune God of the sea, . A few of his sons are Polyphemus, Pegasus and Triton, the Cyclops and the Horse(land creature)for reasons of Athena. His weapon is a trident by which he can stir up the seas and summon any creature that lives in the sea of his choice to aid him in battle. 0035MAN Poseidon.jpg
Ζεύς (Zeus) Zeus Jupiter The father of all fathers, the wisdom and light. The king of the gods after killing his father, Kronos, who ate Zeus's siblings but their mother managed to save baby Zeus. When Zeus grew up, he fed Kronos a mixture of wine and mustard to make him vomit his immortal siblings who had grown up in Kronos's stomach. Zeus is the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky, thunder and lightning. Though he is married more than once, his real queen is Hera. Zeus is the father of Hermes, Hephaestus, Hercules, Dionysus, Athena, Ares, Apollo, Artemis and Persephone. Tetradrachm Zeus Macedonia MBA Lyon.jpg
Hestia Hestia Vesta - Goddess of the hearth, fireside, family, and home. Was one of the Olympians until she gave up her throne for Dionysus and occupies the fire on Olympus. Hestia tapestry.jpg

Primordial (first) gods[edit | edit source]

Greek name Description
Chaos Primeval Goddess of air, Chaos is believed to be one of the first beings to exist in the universe. Chaos is not really depicted as having a personality or physical form.[1] Chaos is the lower atmosphere which surrounded the earth. Her name Khaos means the gap, or the space between heaven and Earth.[2] Mother or Grandmother of Nyx (night), Erebus (Darkness), Aither (Light), and Hemera (day).
Erebus God of darkness. Son of Chaos. Husband of Nyx.
Gaia Goddess of the Earth (Mother Earth), mother of Kronos, grandmother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter and Hestia
Nyx Goddess of night Daughter of Chaos. Wife of Erebus and mother of Hemera (day). Goddess of Hellhounds.
Tartarus The darkest pit in the world at the edge of the world.
Ouranos (Father Sky) and father of the Titans. Roman name Uranus.
Thesis Primordial God/Goddess of Creation. Thesis is sometimes thought to be a child of Chaos. Thesis is thought to have emerged with Hydros before Gaia.
Phanes Primeval God of procreation and is referred as the primal generator of life. Phanes is Nyx's father and was the ruler of the universe before her.
The Anemois Primeval Gods of winds. Boreas (north), Kaikias (NE), Apeliotes (E), Euros (SE), Notos (S), Lips (SW), Zephyrus (W) and Skirion (NW)p

Titans[edit | edit source]

See also Titan (mythology). The original twelve Titans:

  • Koios - also spelled Coeus. God of intelligence, heavenly prophecy and the axis.
  • Kreios - also spelled Crius. God of leadership, domesticated animals and the constellations.
  • Kronos - also spelled Cronus. God of time. King of the Titans. Roman name Saturn.
  • Hyperion - God of light.
  • Iapetos - God of mortal lifespan.
  • Mnemosyne - Goddess of memory, the inventiveness of words and language.
  • Oceanus - God of salt water.
  • Phoebe - Goddess of the Oracle of Delphi and intellect.
  • Rhea - Goddess of fertility, the female body, and later, nature. Mother of Zeus, Hera, Hestia, Hades, Poseidon and Demeter.
  • Tethys - Goddess of Subterranean forces of fresh water and patron goddess of nursing mothers and the young.
  • Theia - Goddess of sight, gold, silver, and gems.
  • Themis - Goddess of divine law and order.

Other Titans:

  • Atlas - God of astronomy. Holds the sky from the earth as his punishment.
  • Epimetheus - God of afterthought and excuses.
  • Menoitios - God of violent anger, rash reactions and human morality.
  • Prometheus - God of forethought and crafty counsel. Gave humanity the gift of Fire.
  • Asteria - mother of Hecate
  • Perses - father of Hecate
  • Asterious - father of the Anemoi
  • Dione - goddess of the oracle Dodonna

Minor Gods[edit | edit source]

  • Eos - goddess of dawn and sister of Selene and Helios
  • Helios - god of the sun and brother of Selene and Eos
  • Selene - goddess of the moon and sister of Helios and Eos
  • Ariadne - goddess of passion and mazes (was a mortal princess engaged to Theseus, but was abandoned. Married the god Dionysus and was made immortal.)
  • Aeolus - god of winds (mortal at birth, but became immortal)
  • Asclepius - god of medicine.
  • Bia - god of violence
  • Cratos - god of strength and power.
  • Deimos - personification of terror; brother of Phobos.
  • Eris - goddess of discord.
  • Eros - god of love
  • Psyche goddess of compassion
  • Geras - god of old age.
  • Ganymede cupbearer of the Olympians.
  • Harmonia - goddess of harmony.
  • Hebe - goddess of youth.
  • Hecate - goddess of magic, witchcraft, necromancy and crossroads.
  • Hypnos - god of sleep.
  • Janus - god of doors, gates and choices
  • Khione - goddess of snow (her father is Boreas, the god of the north wind cold)
  • Leto - mother of Artemis and Apollo.
  • Metis - mother of Athena
  • Enyo - goddesses of war and peacekeeping
  • Eileithyia - goddesses of childbirth
  • Momus- god of blame.
  • Moros - god of Doom.
  • Nemesis - goddess of balance, consequences and revenge.
  • Nike - goddess of victory
  • Persephone - goddess of spring and flowers and wife of Hades, hence queen of the Underworld.
  • Phobos - god of phobias and fear in general; brother of Deimos.
  • Thanatos- god of peaceful death.
  • The Erinyes - otherwise known as The Furies. Goddesses of revenge, commanded by Hades.
  • The Horae - actually two groups of separate goddesses worshipped in different periods: the first three were goddesses of the seasons, the second generation were goddesses of law, justice and order.
  • Tyche - goddess of luck, destiny and fortune.
  • Zelus - god of dedication.
  • The Moirae: Klotho, Lachesis and Atropos - controllers of life and destiny.
  • The Muses - representatives of the arts, sciences and songs.
  • The Oneiroi: Morpheus, Phobetor and Phantasos - personifications of dreams and sons of Hypnos.
  • Pan - god of the Wild.
  • Iris (goddess) - goddess of the rainbow and a messenger for the gods
  • Triton - god of ships, prince of Atlantis
  • Paean - doctor of the gods.
  • The Keres- goddesses of violent Death.
  • The Charites - goddesses of charm, beauty, human creativity, and fertility.
  • Pallas - god of warfare
  • Melinoe - goddess of ghosts.
  • Morpheus- god of dreams, Works for the Titans.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Chaos". Who's Who in Classical Mythology, Routledge. 2002. http://www.credoreference.com/entry/routwwcm/chaos. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
  2. "Primeval Gods of Greek Mythology". theoi.com. 2011 [last update]. http://www.theoi.com/greek-mythology/primeval-gods.html. Retrieved 16 June 2011.

Other pages[edit | edit source]

Ancient Greek Pegasus icon.png Ancient Greece Portal — All articles about Ancient Greece