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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien

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Photo of Tolkien in army uniform.
Tolkien in 1916

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (or J. R. R. Tolkien) was an English writer. He was born 3 January 1892 in Bloemfontain to English parents in what is now South Africa. He died 2 September 1973 in Burnemouth, (United Kingdom).

Tolkien was a professor of Anglo Saxon at the University of Oxford until 1959. A specialist of the old and middle English languages, he created a fantastic and mythologic world, Middle-earth, inhabited by human people, magicians, elves, dwarves, orcs and hobbits.

His most famous works are The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the Ring (1954-1955).

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