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Bordeaux

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Bordeaux
Place de la Bourse and its Miroir d'eau, along the Garonne River.
Administration
Country France
Département Gironde
Location
Area 49.36 km2
Demography
Population 1,196,122 inh. (in 2014)
Density 24,233 inh./km2


Bordeaux, Bordèu in Gascon, is a French city, capital of the department of Gironde, on both sides of the Garonne River.

Regional metropolis[edit | edit source]

Bordeaux is the fifth largest city in France. Its inhabitants are called "Bordelais" (for men) or "Bordelaises" (for women). It's a major wine industry capital, and, like Nantes, it has a large industrial centre and a port. It is a university city as well. The historic part of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, with its high number of preserved historical buildings.

History[edit | edit source]

Th city of Burdigala was created by the Romans as a business harbour. In the Middle Ages, it flourished thanks to the wine trade with England and in the 18th century thanks to the Atlantic slave trade.